In 1939, the William S. Baer School was founded by its namesake who was a physician. Dr. Baer initially built the school for children with polio and tuberculosis. The school was named for Dr. William Stevenson Baer, a physician at Johns Hopkins who pioneered revolutionary treatmenst (e.g. maggot therapy, cold water treatment).
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Later in the twentieth century, The William S. Baer School became a public school designed to serve students who had a multitude of physical challenges, many of which were directly related to cerebral and spinal cord injuries, innate spinal anomalies, head trauma, and various other congenital abnormalities of the brain and or spinal cord.
In 1991, The Baer School Partnership Board was established as a separate non-profit, 501(c)(3) organization. The membership of the Board consists of community leaders, educators, business people and parents of children who attend the school. The mission of the Board is to raise the funds needed to support the special needs of the children who attend the school. All funds raised by the Board go directly to meeting the therapeutic needs of the children.